At the center of New Delhi stands the 42m high India Gate, an "Arc-de-Triomphe" like Archway in the middle of a crossroad. Almost similar to its French counterpart war memorial. It commemorates the 70,000 Indian soldiers who lost their lives fighting for the British Army during the First World War and bears the names of more than 13,516 British and Indian soldiers killed in the Northwestern Frontier in the Afghan war of 1919. The foundation stone was laid by His Royal Highness, the Duke of Connaught in 1921 and was designed by Edwin Lutyens.
This mesmerizing structure, in the shape of a half-open lotus, is situated in the south of Delhi. The temple, made of marble, cement, dolomite and sand, is often called the Taj of modern India. It is open to all faiths and is an ideal place for meditation and obtaining peace and tranquility. Completed in the year 1986, this architectural fete is the Canadian architect Fariborz Sahba's creation for the Bahai faith - the youngest of the world's independent religions. It is open to all faiths and is an ideal place for meditation and obtaining peace and tranquility.
Qutub Minar, the 239ft sandstone tower situated 15 km south of Connaught Place, Delhi, is distinguished as the tallest stone tower in India. A marvel of the Indo-Islamic style of architecture, construction of the tower was started by Qutub-ud-Din Aibak in AD 1199 and completed by Iltutmish in the year 1230. It was erected as a victory tower proclaiming the triumph of Islam over the last Hindu Kingdom of Delhi. The complex houses a number of other important monuments- the gateway built in 1310, the Alai Darwaza, Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque; one of the oldest existing mosques in India, the tombs of Altamish, Alauddin Khalji and Imam Zamin. An awesome structure in the Qutub Minar complex is the 2000 year old 7m high Iron Pillar- the Alai Minar. It has not rusted ever since it was built.
Red Fort or Lal Kila was built by Emperor Shahjahan in 1638 and the transfer of the Capital of Mughal Empire from Agra to Delhi. The Red Fort with 13 gates extends to 2 kms, with walls ranging from a height of 18 feet facing the river Yamuna to 33 feet facing the city of Delhi. The walls of the Red Fort are built from the red sandstone – thus acquiring its name Lal Kila or Red Fort. Diwan-e-Aam – the Hall for Public Audience of the Emperor is built with wide arches and royal throne stands under a marble canopy. Diwan-e-Khas – Hall for Private Audience of the Emperor is studded with rich engrailed arches and the lower parts of the pillars are decorated with floral inlays with the upper part gilded and painted. The marble platform in Diwan-e-Khas carried the famous Peacock Throne. The Red Fort houses 2 museums - Indian War Memorial Museum (top floor of Naqqar-Khana ('Drum-house') at the entrance to the Diwan-e-Aam) and Mumtaz-Mahal an imperial seraglio houses the Delhi Fort Museum.
Jantar Mantar is a collection of 13 astronomical instruments built in 1724 by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur at the instance of the then Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah for revising the calendar and astronomical tables. The individual astronomical instruments were designed by Maharaja Jai Singh of Jaipur II except the Mishra Yantra which was brought by the Mughals to indicate noon in various cities across the globe. Samrat Yantra is a large sun dial with the accuracy of about 2 seconds. Jai Prakash Yantra shows the sun's position at the time of equinox.
Humayun’s Tomb was the first Persian architecture building with surrounding gardens to come up during the Mughal era and marked the beginning of building large exquisite tombs for the erstwhile emperors. This gave birth to Indo-Islamic architecture which is dominant in the architecture of the Mughal era. Humayun’s tomb was build in the center of fours parts of a quadrilateral garden known as the Char Bagh Garden – it was the largest garden in Asia at the time covering an area of 30 acres.